Wednesday, January 09, 2013

 விண்டோஸ் 7  Shourtcuts கீழே தரப்படுகிறது.
Win + UP Arrow –> Maximize the current window
Win + Down Arrow–> Restore down or minimize current windows
Win + Left Arrow–> Dock the current window to the left half of the screen
Win + Right Arrrow–> Dock the current window to the right half of the screen
Win + [number]–> Activate and run the program pinned on Windows 7 Taskbar, running program wont be affected
Win + Home–> Minimize all but the current window
Win + Space–> Makes all windows transparent so you can see through to the desktop
Win + Pause/Break–> Open System Properties
Win + Tab–> Flip Aero 3D [press Tab to cycle between Windows]
Win + B–> Move focus to notification tray (the right-most portion of the taskbar)
Win + D–> Show/Hide desktop
Win + E –> Windows Explorer is launched
Win + F–> Search
Win + G–> Bring all gadgets on top and foreground
Win + L–> Lock Computer
Win + M–> Minimize all windows
Win + P–> Open the projection menu (generally used for laptops connected to projectors)
Win + R–> Run Command is launched.
Win + S –> OneNote Screen Clipping Tool
Win + T–> Show preview thumbnail of running applications in Windows Taskbar one by one without mouse over
Win + X–> Mobility Center
Win + #–> Quicklaunch
Win + = –> Magnifier
Win + [+/-]–> Enables the magnifier and zooms in/out
Win + Shift + Up Arrow –> Maximize vertical size
Win + Shift + Down Arrow –> Restore vertical size
Win + Shift + Left Arrow–> Jump to left monitor
Win + Shift + Right Arrow–> Jump to right monitor
Win + Shift + M–> Undo all window minimization
Win + Shift + T–> Cycles backwards
Win + Ctrl + F –> Opens the Active Directory Find Computers dialog
Ctrl + Right Arrow–> Move the cursor to the beginning of the next word
Ctrl + Left Arrow–> Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous word
Ctrl + Up Arrow–> Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous paragraph
Ctrl + Down Arrow–> Move the cursor to the beginning of the next paragraph
Ctrl + Click –> A pinned taskbar icon to cycle through the programas open windows (e.g. IE)
Ctrl + Win + Tab–> Persistent flip 3D
Ctrl + Shift with an arrow key –> Select a block of text
Ctrl with any arrow key + Spacebar–> Select multiple individual items in a window or on the desktop
Ctrl + Shift + Esc –> Open Task Manager directly
Ctrl + Shift + N –> Create new folder

Thursday, July 26, 2012

Windows 7 Tips and Tricks

Top Five Windows 7 Tips and Tricks

<p>You might have been using Windows for a long time without discovering some of the coolest tips about the operating system. Although many operating systems are there in market, there is still something about Windows that can never truly be taken over.p>
<p>For most of us, who have been using the OS for decades, it still signifies our first computer experience. It could be the sound that plays on the welcome screen that has something to do with it.p>
<p><span id="more-1322">span>Go on, admit it, you just did the tune on your head! Well, there are a few tips and tricks you ought to know about your Windows which will just make the experience better for you. Here are the top five, as we see it!p>
<p>p><div class="xc_pinterest"><a href="#" onclick='window.open("http://pinterest.com/pin/create/button/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.techblazes.com%2Foperating-systems%2Fwindows%2Ffive-windows-7-tips-and-tricks%2F&amp;media=http://www.techblazes.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Windows-7.jpg&amp;description=Top+Five+Windows+7+Tips+and+Tricks","Pinterest","scrollbars=no,menubar=no,width=600,height=380,resizable=yes,toolbar=no,location=no,status=no")' class="xc_pin">a><a href="http://www.techblazes.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Windows-7.jpg"><img class="aligncenter size-full wp-image-1366" title="Windows 7" src="http://www.techblazes.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Windows-7.jpg" alt="Windows 7" \="" width="150">a>div><p>p>
<h3>1. Keyboard Shortcuts:h3>
<p>If you’ve been working on Windows Office, you’ll know just how indispensable the shortcuts are. Moving to the mouse all the time interrupts the work flow. There are too many cool shortcuts to mention, but here is a tip you must know. If you’re on Windows 7, you can create your own shortcut! Simply right-click the program icon for the program you want a shortcut for. Click on Properties, Shortcut, and Shortcut Key, and make your own!p>
<h3>2. Bookmark your most used files to Start:h3>
<p>Click on the folder you want to bookmark. Drag it to the Taskbar, making sure you drag to the Explorer icon. It is pinned, and with a simple click you can unpin it again!p>
<h3>3. Customize, customize, customize:h3>
<p>Because this is your computer we are talking about, you can make it look like how you want it to look. So use the customize feature to make it your own. You can customize at most anything, including the Power button, items in Jump Lists, the Start Menu and Wallpapers. Go to Start, click on Properties, and Customize away.p>
<h3>4. Search the web from Start:h3>
<p>Go to Start and run the program GPEDIT.MSC which is the Group Policy Editor. Click on User Configuration &gt; Administrative Templates &gt; Start Menu and Taskbar. An option shows to Add Search Internet, select it and there you have it!p>
<p>p><div class="xc_pinterest"><a href="#" onclick='window.open("http://pinterest.com/pin/create/button/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.techblazes.com%2Foperating-systems%2Fwindows%2Ffive-windows-7-tips-and-tricks%2F&amp;media=http://www.techblazes.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Search-the-Web-from-Start.jpg&amp;description=Top+Five+Windows+7+Tips+and+Tricks","Pinterest","scrollbars=no,menubar=no,width=600,height=380,resizable=yes,toolbar=no,location=no,status=no")' class="xc_pin">a><a href="http://www.techblazes.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Search-the-Web-from-Start.jpg"><img class="aligncenter size-full wp-image-1363" title="Search the Web from Start" src="http://www.techblazes.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Search-the-Web-from-Start.jpg" alt="Search the Web from Start" \="" width="600">a>div><p>p>
<h3>5. Zoom:h3>
<p>And now last, but not the least, an option which is common and you may perhaps already know but we cannot help mentioning just because it is so cool, the Zoom. Press CTRL and + to zoom into the page, and make the print larger. Use CTRL and – to zoom out. Great if you’ve left your glasses behind!p>

Complete Registry Tutorial

Welcome to another Hacking Truths Manual. This time I have a collection of Tips and Tricks which no body normally knows, the secrets which Microsoft is afraid to tell the people, the information which you will seldom find all gathered up and arranged in a single file. To fully reap this Manual you need to have a basic understanding of the Windows Registry, as almost all the Tricks and Tips involve this file.
****************
Important Note: Before you read on, you need to keep one thing in mind. Whenever you make changes to the Windows Registry you need to Refresh it before the changes take place. Simply press F5 to refresh the registry and enable the changes. If this does not work Restart your system
****************
Exiting Windows the Cool and Quick WayNormally it takes a hell lot of time just Shutting down Windows, you have to move your mouse to the Start Button, click on it, move it again over Shut Down, click, then move it over the necessary option and click, then move the cursor over the OK button and once again (you guessed it) click.This whole process can be shortened by creating shortcuts on the Desktop which will shut down Windows at the click of a button. Start by creating a new shortcut( right click and select New> Shortcut). Then in the command line box, type (without the quotes.)
'C:\windows\rundll.exe user.exe,exitwindowsexec'
This Shortcut on clicking will restart Windows immediately without any Warning. To create a Shortcut to Restarting Windows, type the following in the Command Line box:
'c:\windows\rundll.exe user.exe,exitwindows'
This Shortcut on clicking will shut down Windows immediately without any Warning.
Ban Shutdowns : A trick to Play on LamersThis is a neat trick you can play on that lamer that has a huge ego, in this section I teach you, how to disable the Shut Down option in the Shut Down Dialog Box. This trick involves editing the registry, so please make backups. Launch regedit.exe and go to :
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer
In the right pane look for the NoClose Key. If it is not already there then create it by right clicking in the right pane and selecting New > String Value.(Name it NoCloseKey ) Now once you see the NoCloseKey in the right pane, right click on it and select Modify. Then Type 1 in the Value Data Box.
Doing the above on a Win98 system disables the Shut Down option in the Shut Down Dialog Box. But on a Win95 machine if the value of NoCloseKey is set to 1 then click on the Start > Shut Down button displays the following error message:
This operation has been cancelled due to restrictions in effect on this computer. Please contact your system administrator.
You can enable the shut down option by changing the value of NoCloseKey to 0 or simply deleting the particular entry i.e. deleting NoCloseKey.
Instead of performing the above difficult to remember process, simply save the following with an extension of .reg and add it's contents to the registry by double clicking on it.
REGEDIT4
[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer]
"NoClose"="1"
Disabling Display of Drives in My Computer
This is yet another trick you can play on your geek friend. To disable the display of local or networked drives when you click My Computer go to :
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer
Now in the right pane create a new DWORD item and name it NoDrives. Now modify it's value and set it to 3FFFFFF (Hexadecimal) Now press F5 to refresh. When you click on My Computer, no drives will be shown. To enable display of drives in My Computer, simply delete this DWORD item. It's .reg file is as follows:
REGEDIT4
[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer]
"NoDrives"=dword:03ffffff
Take Over the Screen Saver
To activate and deactivate the screen saver whenever you want, goto the following registry key:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ScreenSavers
Now add a new string value and name it Mouse Corners. Edit this new value to -Y-N. Press F5 to refresh the registry. Voila! Now you can activate your screensaver by simply placing the mouse cursor at the top right corner of the screen and if you take the mouse to the bottom left corner of the screen, the screensaver will deactivate.
Pop a banner each time Windows BootsTo pop a banner which can contain any message you want to display just before a user is going to log on, go to the key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\WinLogon
Now create a new string Value in the right pane named LegalNoticeCaption and enter the value that you want to see in the Menu Bar. Now create yet another new string value and name it: LegalNoticeText. Modify it and insert the message you want to display each time Windows boots. This can be effectively used to display the company's private policy each time the user logs on to his NT box. It's .reg file would be:
REGEDIT4
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Winlogon]
"LegalNoticeCaption"="Caption here."
Delete the Tips of the Day to save 5KB
Windows 95 had these tips of the day which appeared on a system running a newly installed Windows OS. These tips of the day are stored in the Windows Registry and consume 5K of space. For those of you who are really concerned about how much free space your hard disk has, I have the perfect trick.
To save 5K go to the following key in Regedit:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Tips
Now simply delete these tricks by selecting and pressing the DEL key.
Change the Default LocationsTo change the default drive or path where Windows will look for it's installation files, go to the key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Setup\SourcePath
Now you can edit as you wish.
Secure your Desktop Icons and SettingsYou can save your desktop settings and secure it from your nerdy friend by playing with the registry. Simply launch the Registry Editor go to:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer
In the right pane create a new DWORD Value named NoSaveSettings and modify it's value to 1. Refresh and restart for the settings to get saved.
CLSID Folders ExplainedDon't you just hate those stubborn stupid icons that refuse to leave the desktop, like the Network Neighborhood icon. I am sure you want to know how you can delete them. You may say, that is really simple, simply right click on the concerned icon and select Delete. Well not exactly, you see when you right click on these special folders( see entire list below)neither the rename nor the delete option does not appear. To delete these folders, there are two methods, the first one is using the System Policy Editor(Poledit in the Windows installation CD)and the second is using the Registry.
Before we go on, you need to understand what CLSID values are. These folders, like the Control Panel, Inbox, The Microsoft Network, Dial Up Networking etc are system folders. Each system folder has a unique CLSID key or the Class ID which is a 16-byte value which identifies an individual object that points to a corresponding key in the registry.
To delete these system Folders from the desktop simply go to the following registry key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Desktop\Namespace{xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx}
To delete an icon simply delete the 16 byte CLSID value within "NameSpace". The following are the CLSID values of the most commonly used icons:
My Briefcase:{85BBD920-42AO-1069-A2E4-08002B30309D}
Desktop: {00021400-0000-0000-C000-0000000000046}
Control Panel:{21EC2020-3AEA-1069-A2DD-08002B30309D}
Dial-Up-Networking:{992CFFA0-F557-101A-88EC-00DD01CCC48}
Fonts: {BD84B380-8CA2-1069-AB1D-08000948534}
Inbox :{00020D76-0000-0000-C000-000000000046}
My Computer :{20D04FE0-3AEA-1069-A2D8-08002B30309D}
Network Neighborhood:{208D2C60-3AEA-1069-A2D7-O8002B30309D}
Printers :{2227A280-3AEA-1069-A2DE-O8002B30309D}
Recycle Bin :{645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}
The Microsoft Network:{00028B00-0000-0000-C000-000000000046}
History: {FF393560-C2A7-11CF-BFF4-444553540000}
Winzip :{E0D79300-84BE-11CE-9641-444553540000}
For example, to delete the Recycle Bin, first note down it's CLSID value, which is: 645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E. Now go to the Namespace key in the registry and delete the corresponding key.
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\explorer\Desktop\NameSpace\{645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}
Similarly to delete the History folder, delete the following key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\explorer\Desktop\NameSpace\{FBF23B42-E3F0-101B-8488-00AA003E56F8}
Sometimes, you may need to play a trick on your brother or friend, well this one teaches you how to hide all icons from the Desktop. Go to the following registry key:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer
In the right pane create a new DWORD value by the name: NoDesktop and set its value to: 1. Reboot and you will find no icons on the desktop.
Till now you simply learnt how to delete the special system folders by deleting a registry key, but the hack would have been better if there was a way of adding the DELETE and RENAME option to the right click context menus of these special folders. You can actually change the right click context menu of any system folder and add any of the following options: RENAME, DELETE, CUT, COPY, PASTE and lots more.
This hack too requires you to know the CLSID value of the system folder whose menu you want to customize. In this section, I have taken up Recycle Bin as the folder whose context menu I am going to edit.
Firstly launch the registry editor and open the following registry key:
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}\ShellFolder.
In Case you want to edit some other folder like say the FONTS folder, then you will open the following key:
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{CLSID VALUE HERE}\ShellFolder.
In the right pane there will be a DWORD value names attributes. Now consider the following options:
  1. To add the Rename option to the menu, change the value of Attributes to50 01 00 20
  2. To add the Delete option to the menu, change the value of Attributes to
60 01 00 20
3. To add both the Rename & Delete options to the menu, change the value of Attributes to 70,01,00,20
4. Add Copy to the menu, change Attributes to 41 01 00 20
5. Add Cut to the menu, change Attributes to 42 01 00 20
6. Add Copy & Cut to the menu, change Attributes to 43 01 00 20
7. Add Paste to the menu, change Attributes to 44 01 00 20
8. Add Copy & Paste to the menu, change Attributes to 45 01 00 20
9. Add Cut & Paste to the menu, change Attributes to 46 01 00 20
10.Add all Cut, Copy & Paste to the menu, change Attributes to 47 01 00 20
We want to add only the Rename option to the right click context menu of the Recycle Bin, so change the value of attributes to: 50 01 00 20. Press F5 to refresh and then after rebooting you will find that when you right click on the Recycle Bin a RENAME option pops up too.
To reset the default Windows options change the value of Attributes back to
40 01 00 20
The Registry File which one can create for the above process would be something like the below:
REGEDIT4
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}\Shell-Folder]
"Attributes"=hex:50,01,00,20
To access say the Modem Properties in the Control Panel Folder, the normal procedure is: Click on Start, Click on Settings> Control Panel and then wait for the Control Panel window to pop up and then ultimately click on the Modems icon.
Wouldn't it be lovely if you could shorten the process to: Click on Start> Control Panel>Modems. Yes you can add the Control Panel and also all other Special System Folders directly to the first level Start Menu. Firstly collect the CLSID value of the folder you want to add to the start menu. I want to add Control Panel hence the CLSID value is: 21EC2020-3AEA-1069-A2DD-08002B30309D
Now right click on the Start Button and select Open. Now create a new folder and name it: Control Panel.{21EC2020-3AEA-1069-A2DD-08002B30309D}
NOTE: Do not forget the period after the 'l' in Panel. Similarly all system folders can be added to the Start Menu.(accept My Briefcase, I think)
Deleting System Options from the Start menuYou can actually remove the Find and Run options from the start menu by performing a simple registry hack. Again like always Launch the registry editor and scroll down to the below key:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer
Right-click on the right pane and select New, DWORD Value. Name it NoFind.(To remove the RUN option name it NoRun). Double-click the newly create DWORD to edit it's value and enter 1 as its value. This will disable the FIND option of the Start Menu and will also disable the default Shortcut key(F3 for Find.)
To restore the Run or find command modify the value of the DWORD to 0 or simply Delete the DWORD value.
Fed Up of the boring Old Yellow Folder Icons?[Drive Icons Included]NOTE: This trick hasn't been tried on Win98.
You can easily change the boring yellow folder icons to your own personalized icons. Simply create a text file and copy the following lines into it:
[.ShellClassInfo]
ICONFILE=Drive:\Path\Icon_name.extension
Save this text file by the name, desktop.ini in the folder, whose icon you want to change. Now to prevent this file from getting deleted change it's attributes to Hidden and Read Only by using the ATTRIB command.
To change the icon of a drive, create a text file containing the following lines:
[Autorun]
ICON=Drive:\Path\Icon_name.extension
Save this file in the root of the drive whose icon you want to change and name it autorun.inf For Example, if you want to change the icon of a floppy, SAVE THE icon in a:\icon_name.ico One can also create a kewl icon for the Hard Disk and create a text file [autorun.inf] and store it in "c:\".
Securing NTBy default, NT 4.0 displays the last person who logged onto the system. This can be considered to be a security threat, especially in the case of those who choose their password to be same as their Username. To disable this bug which actually is a feature, go to the following key in the registry editor:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\WindowsNT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon
Click and select the ReportBookOK item and create a new string value called DontDisplayLastUserName. Modify it and set it's value to 1.
As a system administrator, you can ensure that the passwords chosen by the users are not too lame or too easy to guess. NT has this lovely utility called the User Manager which allows the administrator to set the age limit of the password which forces the users to change the password after a certain number of days. You can also set the minimum length of passwords and prevent users to use passwords which already have been used earlier and also enable account lockouts which will deactivate an account after a specified number of failed login attempts.
When you log on to Win NT, you should disable Password Caching, this ensures Single NT Domain login and also prevents secondary Windows Logon screen.
Simply copy the following lines to a plain text ASCII editor like: Notepad and save it with an extension, .reg
----------------DISABLE.reg-----------------
REGEDIT4
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Network]
"DisablePwdCaching"=dword:00000001
----------------DISABLE.reg-----------------
To Enable Password Caching use the following .reg file:
--------------Enable.reg-----------------
REGEDIT4
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Network]
"DisablePwdCaching"=dword:00000000
--------------Enable.reg-----------------

Cleaning Recent Docs Menu and the RUN MRUThe Recent Docs menu can be easily disabled by editing the Registry. To do this go to the following Key:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer
Now in the right pane, create a new DWORD value by the name: NoRecentDocsMenu and set it's value to 1. Restart Explorer to save the changes.
You can also clear the RUN MRU history. All the listings are stored in the key:
HKEY_USERS\.Default\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\RunMRU
You can delete individual listings or the entire listing. To delete History of Find listings go to:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Doc Find Spec MRU
and delete.
Customizing the Right Click Context Menu of the Start MenuWhen you right click on the start menu, only 3 options pop up: Open, Explore, and Find. You can add your own programs to this pop up menu( which comes up when we right click on it.) Open Regedit and go to the following registry key:
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Directory\Shell
Right click on the shell and create a new Sub Key (You can create a new SubKey by right clicking on the Shell Key and selecting New > Key.). Type in the name of the application you want to add to the start menu. I want to add Notepad to the Start Menu and hence I name this new sub key, Notepad. Now right click on the new registry key that you just created and create yet another new key named Command. Enter the full path of the application, in this case Notepad in the default value of Command in the right
pane. So I Modify the value of the default string value and enter the full pathname of Notepad:
c:\wndows\notepad.exe.
Now press F5 to refresh. Now if you right click on the Start Button you will find a new addition to the Pop Up Menu called Notepad. Clicking on it will launch Notepad.
We can not only add but also remove the existing options in this pop up box.
To delete the Find option, go to the following registry key:
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Directory\Shell\Find
Delete Find. DO NOT delete Open else you will not be able to open any folders in the Start Menu like Programs, Accessories etc.
BMP Thumbnail As IconYou can actually change the default BMP icon to a thumbnail version of the actual BMP file. To do this simply go to HKCU\Paint.Picture\Default. In the right pane change the value of default to %1. Please note however that this will slow down the display rate in explorer if there are too many BMP thumbnails to display. You can use other icons too, simply enter the pathname.To restore back to the normal change the vale of default back to: C:\Progra~1\Access~1\MSPAINT.EXE,1.
Customizing The Shortcut ArrowAll shortcuts have a tiny black arrow attached to it's icon to distinguish from normal files. This arrow can sometimes be pretty annoying and as a Hacker should know how to change each and everything, here goes another trick. Launch the Registry Editor and go to:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\explorer\Shell Icons.
Now, on the right pane is a list of icons ( we found out that on some systems, Windows 98 especially, the right pane is blank. Don't worry, just add the value as required ). Find the value 29. If it isn't there, just add it. The value of this string should be C:\Windows\system\shell32.dll, 29 ( which means the 30th icon in shell32.dll - the first one begins with 0 ). Now, we need blank icon to do this. Just create one with white as the whole icon. Go here to learn how to create an icon. Once done just change the value to C:\xxx.ico, 0 where "xxx" is the full path of the icon file and "0" is the icon in it.
Now for some fun. If the blank icon is a bit boring, change it again. You will find that under shell32.dll there is a gear icon, a shared folder ( the hand ) and much more. Experiment for yourself!
Use Perl to Get List or Services Running on your NT box
Use the following Perl Script to get a list of Services running on your NT system
--------------script.pl-----------------
#!c:\per\bin\perl.exe
use Win32::Service;
my ($key, %service, %status, $part);
Win32::Service::GetServices(' ',\%services);
foreach $key (sort keys %services) {
print "Print Name\t: $key, $services{$key}\n";
Win32::Service::GetStatus( ' ',$services{$key};
\%status);
foreach $part (keys %status) {
print "\t$part : $status{$part}\n" if($part eq "CurrentState");
}
}
-------------script.pl-------------------
Internet Explorer Tricks and Tips
Resizable Full Screen Toolbar
The Full Screen option increases the viewable area and makes surfing more enjoyable but sometimes we need the Toolbar but also need to have extra viewing area. Now this hack teaches you how to change the size of the Internet Explorer toolbar. This registry hack is a bit complicated as it involves Binary values, so to make it simple, I have included the following registry file which will enable the resizable option of the Internet Explorer toolbar which was present in the beta version of IE.
REGEDIT4
[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Toolbar]
"Theater"=hex:0c,00,00,00,4c,00,00,00,74,00,00,00,18,00,00,00,1b,00,00,00,5c,\
00,00,00,01,00,00,00,e0,00,00,00,a0,0f,00,00,05,00,00,00,22,00,00,00,26,00,\
00,00,02,00,00,00,21,00,00,00,a0,0f,00,00,04,00,00,00,01,00,00,00,a0,0f,00,\
00,03,00,00,00,08,00,00,00,00,00,00,00
*******************
HACKING TRUTH: Internet Explorer 5 displays the friendly version of HTTP errors like NOT FOUND etc . They are aimed at making things easier for newbies. If you would rather prefer to see the proper error pages for the web server you're using, go to Tools, Internet Options and select the Advanced tab. Then scroll down and uncheck the Show friendly http errors box.
*******************
Making the Internet Explorer & the Explorer Toolbars FancyThe Internet Explorer toolbar looks pretty simple. Want to make it fancy and kewl? Why not add a background image to it. To do this kewl hack launch the Windows Registry Editor and go to the following key: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\ Internet Explorer\Toolbar\.
Now in the right pane create a new String Value and name it BackBitmap and modify it's value to the path of the Bitmap you want to dress it up with by rightclicking on it and choosing Modify. When you reboot the Internet Explorer and the Windows Explorer toolbars will have a new look.
Change Internet Explorer's CaptionDon't like the caption of Internet Explorer caption? Want to change it? Open the registry editor and go to
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main.
In the right pane create a new String Value names Window Title (Note the space between Window and Title). Right click on this newly created String Value and select Modify. Type in the new caption you want to be displayed. Restart for the settings to take place.
Now let's move on to some Outlook Express Tricks.
Colorful BackgroundDon't like the boring background colors of Outlook Express? To change it launch the Windows Registry Editor and scroll down to the
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Mail And News key.
On the left pane, click on ColorCycle or select Edit and Modify in the menu. Now change the value to 1. Close and restart. Now, launch Outlook Express and whenever you open up a New Message, hold down ctrl-shift and tap the z key to scroll to change the background color. Repeat the keystroke to cycle through the colors.
Internet Explorer 5 Hidden Features
Microsoft Internet Explorer 5 has several hidden features which can be controlled using the Windows Registry. Open your registry and scroll down to the following key:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Restrictions
Create a new DWORD value named x(See complete list of values of x below) and modify it's value to 1 to enable it and to 0 to disable it.
NoBrowserClose : Disable the option of closing Internet Explorer.
NoBrowserContextMenu : Disable right-click context menu.
NoBrowserOptions : Disable the Tools / Internet Options menu.
NoBrowserSaveAs : Disable the ability to Save As.
NoFavorites : Disable the Favorites.
NoFileNew : Disable the File / New command.
NoFileOpen : Disable the File / Open command.
NoFindFiles : Disable the Find Files command.
NoSelectDownloadDir : Disable the option of selecting a download directory.
NoTheaterMode : Disable the Full Screen view option.
Hacking SecretsAlmost all system administrators make certain changes and make the system restricted. System Administrators can hide the RUN option, the FIND command, the entire Control Panel, drives in My Computer like D: A: etc. They can even restrict activities of a hacker my disabling or hiding, even the tiniest options or tools.
Most commonly these restrictions are imposed locally and are controlled by the Windows Registry. But sometimes the smart system administrators control the activities of the hacker by imposing restrictions remotely through the main server.
Poledit or Policy Editor is a small kewl tool which is being commonly used by system administrators to alter the settings of a system. This utility is not installed by default by Windows. You need to install in manually from the Windows 98 Installation Kit from the Resource Kit folder. user.dat file that we saw earlier.
The Policy Editor tool imposes restrictions on the user's system by editing the user.dat file which in turn means that it edits the Windows Registry to change the settings. It can be used to control or restrict access to each and every folder and option you could ever think of. It has the power to even restrict access to individual folders, files, the Control Panel, MS DOS, the drives available etc. Sometimes this software does make life really hard for a Hacker. So how can we remove the restrictions imposed by the Policy Editor? Well read ahead to learn more.
You see the Policy Editor is not the only way to restrict a user's activities. As we already know that the Policy Editor edits the Windows Registry(user.dat) file to impose such restrictions. So this in turn would mean that we can directly make changes to the Windows Registry using a .reg file or directly to remove or add restrictions.
Launch Regedit and go to the following Registry Key:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Software/Microsoft/CurrentVersion/Policies
Under this key, there will definitely be a key named explorer. Now under this explorer key we can create new DWORD values and modify it's value to 1 in order to impose the restriction. If you want to remove the Restriction, then you can simply delete the respective DWORD values or instead change their values to 0. The following is a list of DWORD values that can be created under the Explorer Key-:
NoDeletePrinter: Disables Deletion of already installed Printers
NoAddPrinter: Disables Addition of new Printers
NoRun : Disables or hides the Run Command
NoSetFolders: Removes Folders from the Settings option on Start Menu (Control Panel, Printers, Taskbar)
NoSetTaskbar: Removes Taskbar system folder from the Settings option on Start Menu
NoFind: Removes the Find Tool (Start >Find)
NoDrives: Hides and does not display any Drives in My Computer
NoNetHood: Hides or removes the Network Neighborhood icon from the desktop
NoDesktop: Hides all items including, file, folders and system folders from the Desktop
NoClose: Disables Shutdown and prevents the user from normally shutting down Windows.
NoSaveSettings: Means to say, 'Don't save settings on exit'
DisableRegistryTools: Disable Registry Editing Tools (If you disable this option, the Windows Registry Editor(regedit.exe) too
will not work.)
NoRecentDocsHistory: Removes Recent Document system folder from the Start Menu (IE 4 and above)
ClearRecentDocsOnExit: Clears the Recent Documents system folder on Exit.
Nolnternetlcon: Removes the Internet (system folder) icon from the Desktop
Under the same key: HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Software/Microsoft/CurrentVersion/Policies you can create new subkeys other than the already existing Explorer key. Now create a new key and name it System. Under this new key, system we can create the following new DWORD values(1 for enabling the particular option and 0 for disabling the particular option):
NODispCPL: Hides Control Panel
NoDispBackgroundPage: Hides Background page.
NoDispScrsavPage: Hides Screen Saver Page
NoDispAppearancePage: Hides Appearance Page
NoDispSettingsPage: Hides Settings Page
NoSecCPL: Disables Password Control Panel
NoPwdPage: Hides Password Change Page
NoAdminPaqe: Hides Remote Administration Page
NoProfilePage: Hides User Profiles Page
NoDevMgrPage: Hides Device Manager Page
NoConfigPage: Hides Hardware Profiles Page
NoFileSysPage: Hides File System Button
NoVirtMemPage: Hides Virtual Memory Button
Similarly, if we create a new subkey named Network, we can add the following DWORD values under it(1 for enabling the particular option and 0 for disabling the particular option):
NoNetSetupSecurityPage: Hides Network Security Page
NoNelSetup: Hides or disables the Network option in the Control Panel
NoNetSetupIDPage: Hides the Identification Page
NoNetSetupSecurityPage: Hides the Access Control Page
NoFileSharingControl: Disables File Sharing Controls
NoPrintSharing: Disables Print Sharing Controls
Similarly, if we create a new subkey named WinOldApp, we can add the following DWORD values under it(1 for enabling the particular option and 0 for disabling the particular option):
Disabled: Disable MS-DOS Prompt
NoRealMode: Disable Single-Mode MS-DOS.
So you see if you have access to the Windows Registry, then you can easily create new DWORD values and set heir value to 1 for enabling the particular option and 0 for disabling the particular option. But Sometimes, access to the Windows Registry is blocked. So what do you do? Go to the Windows Directory and delete either user.dat or system.dat (These 2 files constitute the Windows Registry.) and reboot. As soon as Windows logs in, it will display a Warning Message informing you about an error in the Windows Registry. Simply ignore this Warning Message and Press CTRL+DEL+ALT to get out of this warning message.(Do not press OK) You will find that all restrictions have been removed.
The most kind of restriction found quite commonly is the Specific Folder Restriction, in which users are not allowed access to specific folders, the most common being the Windows folder, or sometimes even access to My Computer is blocked. In effect, you simply cannot seem to access the important kewl files which are needed by you to do remove restrictions. What do you? Well use the RUN command. (START >RUN). But unfortunately a system administrator who is intelligent enough to block access to specific folder, would definitely have blocked access to the RUN command. Again we are stuck.




Windows is supposed to be the most User Friendly Operating System on earth. (At least Microsoft Says so.)
It gives the User an option to do the same thing in various ways. You see the RUN command is only the most convenient option of launching applications, but not the only way. In Windows you can create shortcuts to almost anything from a file, folder to a Web URL. So say your system administrator has blocked access to the c:\windows\system folder and you need to access it. What do you do? Simply create a Shortcut to it. To do this right click anywhere on the desktop and select New > Shortcut. A new window titled Create Shortcut pops up. Type in the path of the restricted folder you wish to access, in this case c:\windows\system. Click Next, Enter the friendly name of the Shortcut and then click Finish. Now you can access the restricted folder by simply double clicking on the shortcut icon. Well that shows how protected and secure *ahem Windows *ahem is.
****************
HACKING TRUTH: Sometimes when you try to delete a file or a folder, Windows displays an error message saying that the file is protected. This simply means that the file is write protected, or in other words the R option is +. Get it? Anyway, you can stop Windows from displaying this error message and straightaway delete this file by changing its attributes to Non Read Only. This can be done by Right Clicking on the file, selecting Properties and then
unselecting the Read Only Option.
***************
There is yet another way of accessing restricted folders. Use see, DOS has a lovely command known as START. Its general syntax is:
START application_path
It does do what it seems to do, start applications. So in you have access to DOS then you can type in the START command to get access to the restricted folder. Now mostly access to DOS too would be blocked. So again you can use the shortcut trick to launch, c:\command.com or c:\windows\command.com. (Command.com is the file which launches MS DOS).
Accessing Restricted Drives.
The problem with most system administrators is that they think that the users or Hackers too are stupid. Almost all system administrators use the Registry Trick (Explained Earlier) to hide all drives in My Computer. So in order to unhide or display all drives, simply delete that particular key.(Refer to beginning of Untold Secrets Section.)
Some systems have the floppy disk disabled through the BIOS. On those systems if the BIOS is protected, you may need to crack the BIOS password. (For that Refer to the Windows Hacking Chapter). Sometimes making drives readable (Removing R +) and then creating Shortcuts to them also helps us to get access to them.
Further Changing your Operating System's Looks by editing .htt files
If you have installed Windows Desktop Update and have the view as Web Page option enabled, you can customise the way the folder looks by selecting View > Customise this folder. Here you can change the background and other things about that particular folder. Well that is pretty lame, right? We hackers already know things as lame as that. Read on for some kewl stuff.
Well, you could also change the default that is stored in a Hidden HTML Template file (I think so..) which is nothing but a HTML document with a .htt extension. This .htt file is found at: %systemroot%\web\folder.htt.
The %systemroot% stands for the drive in which Windows is Installed, which is normally C:
You can edit these .htt files almost just like you edit normal .HTM or .HTML files. Simply open them in an ASCII editor like Notepad. The following is a list of .htt files on your system which control various folders and which can be edited to customise the way various folders look.
controlp.htt Control Panel
printers.htt Printers
mycomp.htt My Computer
safemode.htt Safe Mode
All these files are found in the web folder in %systemfolder%. The folder.htt file has a line:
'Here's a good place to add a few lines of your own"
which is the place where you can add your own A HREF links. These links would then appear in the folder whose folder.htt file you edited. All this might sound really easy and simple, but you see these .htt files do not contain normal HTML code, instead they contain a mixture of HTML and web bots. Hence they can be difficult for newbies to understand.
Well that's it for now, more tricks later, till then goodbye.

Sunday, May 13, 2012

இறைவன் அருளைப்பெற

 

வாழ்க்கைக்கு ஒழுக்கம் மிக அவசியம். ஒழுக்கமே ஒவ்வொருவரது வாழ்க்கையையும் மேம்படுத்தும். ஒழுக்கமுள்ள வாழ்வு வாழ இறைவனின் அருளும் நமக்குத் தேவை. ஓரிடத்தில் விளக்கு இருப்பது நமக்குத் தெரிந்தால் தானே, அந்த விளக்கை ஏற்றி வைத்து நம்மால் வெளிச்சத்தைப் பெற முடியும். 
 
விளக்கு எங்கே இருக்கிறது என்பதை நாம் அறிந்து கொள்ளவும் நமக்கு ஒரு வெளிச்சம் தேவைப்படுவதைப் போல, இறைவனை வணங்கவும், வாழவும் இறைவனின் அருள் நமக்குத் தேவை. இதை மாணிக்கவாசப் பெருமான் தமது சிவபுராணத்தில்,
அவனருளாலே அவன்தாள் வணங்கி
சிந்தை மகிழச் சிவபுராணம் தன்னை
முந்தைவினை முழுதும் ஓய உரைப்பன் யான்

எனப் பாடி பரவசப்படுகிறார். இறைவனை வழிபடவும் இறைவனின் அருள் இருந்தால் தான் முடியும். அப்படிப்பட்ட இறையருளைப் பெற ஒழுக்கம் நிறைந்த வாழ்வு நமக்கு வழிகாட்டுகிறது. அதற்கு நாள்தோறும் நல்ல செயல்களைச் செய்ய வேண்டும். நல்லனவற்றையே எண்ணி, நல்லனவற்றையே பேச வேண்டும். அப்படிச் செய்யும் போது மனம் இறைவன் அருள்பெற ஏதுவாகிறது. மனம் பண்பட்டவுடன் இறையருள் அங்கே உதயமாகிறது. பண்பட்ட நிலம் பயிர்த்தொழிலுக்கு ஏற்றதாகிற மாதிரி, பண்பட்ட உள்ளம் வழிபாட்டுக்கு ஏற்றதாகிறது. அப்படி பண்பட்ட உள்ளத்தினை உடையவர்கள் தினந்தோறும் ஒரு குறிப்பிட்ட நேரத்தை ஒதுக்கி, அந்த நேரத்தில் இறைவனை வழிபட வேண்டும். இறைவனிடம் இடைவிடாத பக்தி செலுத்த வேண்டும். நல்ல மனத்தையும் நல்ல சிந்தனையையும் அருளும்படி இறைவனிடம் நாம் வேண்டிக்கொள்ள வேண்டும். ஒழுக்கம் அவரவர் நிலைக்கு ஏற்றபடி மாறும்.

முனிவர்களின் ஒழுக்கம் துறவறம் மேற்கொள்வது; பண்டிதனின் ஒழுக்கம் தான் கற்றதை பிறருக்கு கற்றுக் கொடுப்பது; மாணவர்களின் ஒழுக்கம் குருவின் சொல்படி நடத்தல். இப்படி ஒழுக்கம் மனிதனுக்கு மனிதன் வேறுபடுகிறது. ஒழுக்கமான வாழ்வுக்கு மனம் அடங்கப் பெறல் வேண்டும். இறைவனை நினைக்கும்போது மட்டும் மனம் அடங்குகிறது. மனம் அடங்கினால் நம் அகங்காரத் துடிப்புகள் அடங்கி இறைவனுடன் ஒன்ற முடிகிறது. இறைவன் மட்டுமே இன்ப துன்பங்கள், விருப்பு வெறுப்புகள், லாப நஷ்டங்கள் நல்லது தீயதுகள் ஆகியவற்றிற்கு அப்பாற்பட்டவன். வேறு உலகப் பொருள்களும், பந்தங்களும் அவற்றின் மீது பிரியம் வைக்கும் மனிதனையும் பந்தப்படுத்தி விடுகின்றன. 
 
 
 
அதனால் பிறவித் தளையில் சிக்கிக் கொண்டு தவிக்கிறான். எனவே, பற்று அற்றவனாகிய இறைவன் மீதே நாம் பற்று வைக்க வேண்டும். இறைவன் தன்னிடம் வந்து சேர்கின்ற இறையடியார்களைத் தன்னுடைய அருள் என்னும் தீயால் எரித்து, பாவங்களைப் போக்கி, தூய்மைப்படுத்துகிறான். அவனால் மட்டுமே அது முடியும். இறைவனை நினைப்பதால் இறைவனைப் போலவே ஆகிவிட முடியும். இறைவனைப் போன்று பேரானந்தமயமாய் விளங்க முடியும். இறைவன் நித்தியானந்தனாய் விளங்குபவன், அழிவு என்பதே இல்லாதவன்; அழியும் இயல்பு உடைய நம்மை அழியாமல் காக்க அவனால் மட்டுமே முடியும். அவன் தூய்மையே வடிவெடுத்தவன். வினைப்பயனால் விளைந்த பாவங்களைச் சுமந்து கொண்டிருக்கும் நம்மை பரிசுத்தமாக்க அவனால் மட்டுமே முடியும். 
 
அவன் மீது பக்தி செலுத்தி அவன் மயமாக மாற வாய்ப்பிருக்கும் போது ஏன் நாம் உலக விவகாரங்களில் சிக்கிக் கொண்டு திணற வேண்டும்? ஒழுக்கம் நிறைந்த வாழ்க்கை வாழ்ந்து, மனத்தைத் தூய்மைப்படுத்தி அதனை இறைவன் உறையும் ஆலயமாக ஆக்குவோம்.
Loading...

வாசியோகக்கலை

மதுரை-------சிந்தாமணி------சிவசித்தனின்
வாசியோகக்கலை

ஸ்ரீ வில்வம்

அனைவருக்கும் வணக்கம் ,
நாம் நம் உடலை பாதுகாக்கவும் ,அந்த உடலை இயக்கும் உயிராகிய இறை வாசியை முறைபடுத்தினால் நமக்கு எந்த விதமான நோய் களும், நம்மை அணுகாமல் வாழ முடியும்.

இது உண்மை! நோய்கள் சில நம் உடம்பில் இருந்தாலும், அதையும் நாம் நாளடைவில் எந்த மருத்துவ முறைகளும் எடுத்துக் கொள்ளாமல் நாம், நம் உடலையும், உயிரையும் நலமடைய செய்யும் ஒரே வழி சித்தர்கள் காட்டிய யோக முறைகள் தான் .

இந்த யோக முறையை முறையாக கற்றுக் கொண்டால் வாழ்நாள் முழுவதும் நலமுடன் வாழ முடியும் . இவ்வாறு நலமுடன் வாழ்ந்துக் கொண்டிருக்கும் பல குடும்பங்களின் விவரம் கீழே.................

திருக்குறள்

அனைவருக்கும் இனிய வணக்கம்

Followers

Popular Posts

திரு.பிச்சைகனி ,லக்ஷ்மி புரம், மதுரை .

திரு.நாகராஜன் ,தாசில்தார் நகர், மதுரை .

CopyRight

MyFreeCopyright.com Registered & Protected

Text Widget

Yahoo_Site

Recent Posts

ஸ்ரீ வில்வம் - கலந்துரையாடல் 5

ஸ்ரீ வில்வம் - கலந்துரையாடல் 2

திரு.கந்தசாமி, சிந்தாமணி,மதுரை.

வாசியோகக்கலை

VCricket Score